The Fire Extinguisher is the most
effective fire- fighting equipment used in tackling fires at
their stage. They are equipment that can be used to put out
fires at their earlier stages.
This article is to enlighten readers
about the importance of Fire Extinguishers and how they are
operated. Fire extinguishers can save lives and property by
putting out small fires, or containing them until the
arrival of the Fire Service.
Extinguishers are designed for:
Extinguishers are not designed for:
Before you buy an extinguisher, make sure
it has A, B, C, AB, or ABC symbols on it.
Extinguishers labelled “A”
can be used on fires consisting of burning wood,
paper, plastics, cloth, or rubbish, simply put,
Flammable Solid Materials.
Those labelled “B”
can be used on burning paint, grease, oil, flammable
indicates it has a non-conducting agent. It is used
for electrical fires.
extinguisher is used on flammable metals.
The type that suppresses all
three classes is the one with “ABC” inscribed on it.
- PULL THE PIN:
Some fire extinguishers require releasing pin (to unlock
the equipment). This allows discharge of the unit.
A - AIM AT BASE OF
Point horn, hose or nozzle at the base of the fire.
Stand 2-2.5m away.
S - SQUEEZE HANDLE:
This discharges the content. Some units have a bottom
to press. Releasing the handle, lever or button will
STOP the discharge.
S - SWEEP SIDE TO SIDE: Move
in towards the fire. After fire is out, WATCH AREA. If
it reignites, repeat the process (Remember to stand in
favour of the wind direction).
Fire extinguishers are not designed for people who
are not infamiliar with the operation instructions.
Make sure that the seal to the safety lock has not
been tempered with.
Check gauge: For pressure type extinguisher,
frequently check the gauge. GREEN is a good reading, RED
means replace or recharge.
Disposable units are no
longer good after any discharge or broken safety-pin.
Recharge after every and any use. Have unit checked professionally every
Have unit pressure test every five years.
Never start reading direction during fire outbreak
Never use on large or growing
Never fight fires without an escape route or in a
Never fight fires in smoke filled rooms else you may
not locate the seat of the fire
Never fight fires if you are in doubt or your ability
to fight it
Never assume the fire is out until the area has been
inspected by the Fire Service